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    《粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要》(双语全文)

    所属教程:法律英语讲解

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    2019年02月20日

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    中共中央、国务院印发了《粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要》,并发出通知,要求各地区各部门结合实际认真贯彻落实。

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    Photo taken on June 6, 2017 shows the construction site of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge in the Lingdingyang waters, south China. (Xinhua/Liang Xu)

     

    双语全文如下:

    粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要

    Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

    前言

    Preamble

    粤港澳大湾区包括香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区和广东省广州?#23567;?#28145;圳?#23567;?#29664;海?#23567;?#20315;山?#23567;?#24800;州?#23567;?#19996;莞?#23567;?#20013;山?#23567;?#27743;门?#23567;?#32903;庆市(以下称珠三角九市),总面积5.6万平方公里,2017年末总人口约7000万人,是我国开放程度最高、经济活力最强的区域之一,在国家发展大局中具有重要战略地位。建设粤港澳大湾区,既是新时代推动形成全面开放新格局的新尝试,也是推动“一国两制”事业发展的新实践。为全面贯彻党的十九大精神,全面?#26082;?#36143;彻“一国两制”方针,充分发挥粤港澳综合优势,深化内地与港澳合作,进一?#25945;?#21319;粤港澳大湾区在国家经济发展和对外开放中的支撑引领作用,支持香港、澳门融入国家发展大局,增进香港、澳门同胞福祉,保持香港、澳门长期繁荣稳定,让港澳同胞同祖国人民共担民族复兴的历史责任、共享祖国繁荣富强的伟大荣光,编制本规划。

    The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Greater Bay Area) consists of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), the Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) as well as the municipalities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Huizhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing in Guangdong Province (hereinafter referred to as “the nine Pearl River Delta (PRD) municipalities”), covering a total area of 56 000 square kilometres with a combined population of approximately 70 million at the end of 2017. As one of the most open and economically vibrant regions in China, the Greater Bay Area plays a significant strategic role in the overall development of the country. The development of the Greater Bay Area is not only a new attempt to break new ground in pursuing opening up on all fronts in a new era, but also a further step in taking forward the practice of “one country, two systems”. The Outline Development Plan (“the Plan”) has been formulated to fully put the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China into practice; fully and accurately implement the principle of “one country, two systems”; fully leverage the composite advantages of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao; deepen cooperation among the Mainland, Hong Kong and Macao; further enhance the Greater Bay Area’s supporting and leading role in the country’s economic development and opening up; support the integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the development of the country; enhance the well-being of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots; maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao; and enable compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao to share with the people in the motherland both the historic responsibility of national rejuvenation and the pride of a strong and prosperous motherland.

    本规划是指导粤港澳大湾区当前和今后一个时期合作发展的纲领性文件。规划近期至2022年,远期展望到2035年。

    This Plan is an important outline document guiding the current and future cooperation and development of the Greater Bay Area. The Plan covers the period from now to 2022 in the immediate term and extends to 2035 in the long term.

    第一章 规划背景

    Chapter One Background of the Plan

    改革开放以来,特别是香港、澳门回归祖国后,粤港澳合作不断深化实化,粤港澳大湾区经济实力、区域竞争力显著增强,已具备建成国际一流湾区和世界级城市群的基础条件。

    Ever since the reform and opening up of China, especially the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao has continuously deepened and become more concrete. The Greater Bay Area, with a marked increase in its economic strength and regional competitiveness, already possesses the fundamental conditions for developing into an international first-class bay area and a world-class city cluster.

    第一节 发展基础

    Section 1 Foundation of Development

    区位优势明显。粤港澳大湾区地处我国沿海开放前沿,以泛珠三角区域为广阔发展腹地,在“一带一路”建设中具有重要地位。交通条件便利,拥有香港国际航运中心和吞吐?#35838;?#23621;世界前?#26800;?#24191;州、深圳等重要港口,以及香港、广州、深圳等具有国际影响力的航空枢纽,便捷高效的现代综合交通运输体系正在加速形成。

    Distinctive geographical advantages. Located at the forefront of China’s opening up along the coast and with the Pan-PRD Region as its vast hinterland for development, the Greater Bay Area plays an important role in the Belt and Road Initiative. The Greater Bay Area is a highly developed transport hub. With Hong Kong as an international maritime centre, major ports such as Guangzhou and Shenzhen with throughputs among the highest in the world, and Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shenzhen being important international aviation hubs, a modern and comprehensive transport system that is both convenient and highly efficient is rapidly taking shape.

    经济实力雄厚。经济发展水平全国领先,产业体系完?#31119;?#38598;群优势明显,经济互补性强,香港、澳门服务业高度发达,珠三角九市已初步形成以战略性新兴产业为先导、先进制造业和现代服务业为主体的产业结构,2017年大湾区经济总量约10万亿元。

    Robust economic strength. The Greater Bay Area leads the country in terms of its level of economic development. It has a comprehensive industry system, with a distinctive cluster advantage and strong economic complementarity. Hong Kong and Macao have highly developed service sectors, whereas the nine PRD municipalities have initially developed an industrial structure driven by strategic emerging industries as the pilot and supported by advanced manufacturing and modern service industries as the mainstay. In 2017, the gross domestic product of the Greater Bay Area stood at around RMB 10 trillion.

    创新要素集聚。创新驱动发展战略深入实施,广东全面创新改革试验稳步?#24179;?#22269;家自主创新示范区加快建设。粤港澳三地科技研发、转化能力突出,拥有一批在全国乃至全球具有重要影响力的高校、科研院所、高新?#38469;?#20225;业和国家大科学工程,创新要素吸引力强,具备建设国际科技创新中心的良好基础。

    High concentration of key factors of innovation. The Greater Bay Area has intensely implemented a development strategy which is innovation-driven, with pilot measures of comprehensive innovation and reform in Guangdong well underway. The development of national innovation demonstration zones has been expedited. Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao have outstanding capabilities in scientific research and development (R&D) and commercial application, and are home to numerous universities, scientific research institutes, high-tech enterprises and large-scale national scientific projects that have important national and even global influence. The Greater Bay Area is well-placed to attract various key factors of innovation, and has an excellent foundation for the development of an international innovation and technology hub.

    国际化水平领先。香港作为国际金融、航运、贸易中心和国际航空枢纽,拥有高度国际化、法?#20301;?#30340;营商环境以及遍布全球的商业网络,是全球最自由经济体之一。澳门作为世界旅游休闲中心和中国与葡语国家?#22530;?#21512;作服务?#25945;?#30340;作用不断强化,多元文化交流的功能日益彰显。珠三角九市是内地外向度最高的经济区域和对外开放的重要窗口,在全国加快构建开放型经济新体制中具有重要地位和作用。

    Advanced level of internationalisation. As international financial, transportation and trade centres, as well as an international aviation hub, Hong Kong offers a business environment that is highly internationalised and based on the rule of law. It also has a global business network and is among the freest economies in the world. Macao’s roles as a global tourism and leisure centre, as well as an economic and trade cooperation platform between China and Lusophone countries have been strengthened, further demonstrating its position in facilitating multi-cultural exchanges. As the economic region with the highest degree of external connection on the Mainland and an important window for opening up to the world, the nine PRD municipalities have significant functions and an important role to play in accelerating the establishment of a new system of open economy in the country.

    合作基础良好。香港、澳门与珠三角九市文化同?#30784;?#20154;缘相亲、民俗相近、优势互补。近年来,粤港澳合作不断深化,基础设施、投资贸易、金融服务、科技教育、休?#26032;?#28216;、生态环保、社会服务等领域合作成效显著,已经形成了多层次、全方位的合作格局。

    Solid cooperation foundations. Hong Kong, Macao and the nine PRD municipalities share the same cultural roots. Their people also have close ties and similar customs. The cities complement one another. Strengthened cooperation in recent years among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in areas such as infrastructural development, investment and trade, financial services, technology education, leisure and tourism, ecological and environmental protection, and social services has yielded remarkable results. A pattern of multi-level and comprehensive cooperation has been established.

    第二节 机遇挑战

    Section 2 Opportunities and Challenges

    当前,世界多极化、经济全球化、社会信息化、文化多样化深入发展,全球治理体系和国际秩序变革加速?#24179;?#21508;国相互联系和?#26469;?#26085;益加深,和平发展大势不可逆转,新一轮科技革命和产业变革蓄势待发,“一带一路”建设深入?#24179;?#20026;提升粤港澳大湾区国际竞争力、更高水?#35762;?#19982;国际合作和竞争拓展了新空间。在新发展理念引领下,我国深入?#24179;?#20379;给侧结构性改革,推动经济发展质量变革、效?#26102;?#38761;、动力变革,为大湾区转型发展、创新发展注入了新活力。全面深化改革取得重大突破,国家治理体系和治理能力现代化水平明显提高,为创新大湾区合作发展体制机制、破解合作发展中的突出问题提供了新契机。

    The present world is fast becoming multipolar, economically globalised, information-oriented and culturally diverse. The global governance system and the international order have been changing at a faster pace. As countries worldwide have become more interconnected and interdependent, the trend of peaceful development is irreversible. A new wave of technological revolution and industrial transformation is set to begin. The Belt and Road Initiative is being pursued in earnest. These developments will help enhance the international competitiveness of the Greater Bay Area and expand the scope of the Greater Bay Area’s participation in international cooperation and competition at a higher level. Following the new vision of development, China takes forward supply-side structural reform and other reforms aiming at better quality, higher efficiency, and more robust drivers of economic growth, bringing new impetus to the transformative and innovative development of the Greater Bay Area. Major breakthroughs have been made in the comprehensive deepening of reform. The modernisation of China’s system and capacity for governance has been substantially enhanced. These developments provide new opportunities for the Greater Bay Area to develop an institution and mechanism for, and to solve prominent problems encountered in, cooperation and development.

    同时,粤港澳大湾区发展也面临诸多挑战。当前,世界经济不确定不稳定因素增多,保护主义倾向抬头,大湾区经济运行?#28304;?#22312;产能过剩、供给与需求结?#20849;?#24179;衡不匹配等突出矛盾和问题,经济增长内生动力?#20889;?#22686;强。在“一国两制”下,粤港澳社会制度不同,法律制度不同,分属于不同关税区域,市场互联互通水平?#20889;?#36827;一?#25945;?#21319;,生产要素高效便捷流动的良好局面?#24418;?#24418;成。大湾区内部发展差距依然较大,协同性、包容性?#20889;?#21152;强,部分地区和领域还存在同质化竞争和?#35797;创?#37197;现象。香港经济增长缺乏?#20013;?#31283;固支撑,澳门经济结构相对单一、发展?#35797;?#26377;限,珠三角九市市场经济体制?#20889;?#23436;善。区域发展空间面临瓶颈制约,?#35797;?#33021;源?#38469;?#36235;紧,生态环境压力日益增大,人口红利逐步减退。

    Meanwhile, the development of the Greater Bay Area faces many challenges. The global economy is beset with uncertainty and instability as well as the rise of protectionism. The economic development of the Greater Bay Area also confronts issues such as overcapacity and the imbalance and mismatch of the supply and demand structure. The endogenous impetus for economic growth has to be strengthened. Under “one country, two systems”, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao have different social systems and legal systems. They are separate customs territories. Market connectivity needs to be further improved and an efficient flow of factors of production has yet to be attained. There remains a relatively wide development gap within the Greater Bay Area and coordination and compatibility will need to be strengthened. Homogeneous competition and mismatch of resources exist in certain regions and sectors. Continuous economic growth in Hong Kong lacks sustainable and stable support. The economic structure of Macao is relatively homogeneous with limited resources for development. The market economy structure in the nine PRD municipalities calls for improvement. Regional development faces various bottlenecks, including growing constraints on resources and energy supplies, escalating pressure on ecology and the environment, and a gradual reduction in the demographic dividend.

    第三节 重大意义

    Section 3 Significance of the Plan

    打造粤港澳大湾区,建设世界级城市?#28023;?#26377;利于丰富“一国两制”实践内涵,进一步密切内地与港澳交流合作,为港澳经济社会发展以及港澳同胞到内地发展提供更多机会,保持港澳长期繁荣稳定;有利于贯彻落实新发展理念,深入?#24179;?#20379;给侧结构性改革,加快培育发展新动能、实现创新驱动发展,为我国经济创新力和竞争力不?#26174;?#24378;提供支撑;有利于进一步深化改革、扩大开放,建立与国际接轨?#30446;?#25918;型经济新体制,建设高水?#35762;?#19982;国际经济合作新?#25945;?有利于?#24179;?ldquo;一带一路”建设,通过区域双向开放,构筑丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路对接融汇的重要支撑区。

    The development of the Greater Bay Area and of a world-class city cluster will facilitate the enrichment of the implementation of “one country, two systems” and foster closer cooperation between the Mainland and the two SARs, thereby creating more opportunities for the socio-economic development of the two SARs and for Hong Kong and Macao compatriots wishing to develop careers on the Mainland, as well as maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. It will facilitate the implementation of the new vision of development; the stepping up of supply-side structural reform; the accelerated development of new economic drivers; and the early realisation of innovation-driven development to support the continued growth in innovation capability and competitiveness of the Chinese economy. It will facilitate the further deepening of reform and further opening up; the building of a new system of open economy in line with international standards; and the development of a new platform for high-level international cooperation. It will facilitate the advancement of the Belt and Road Initiative. By means of two-way opening up, the Greater Bay Area will develop into an important support area for the convergence of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

    第二章 总体要求

    Chapter Two Overall Requirements

    第一节 指导思想

    Section 1 Guiding Ideology

    深入贯彻习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想和党的十九大精神,统筹?#24179;?ldquo;五位一体”总体布局?#25176;?#35843;?#24179;?ldquo;四个全面”战略布局,全面?#26082;?#36143;彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,严格依照宪法和基本法办事,坚?#20013;?#21457;展理念,充分认识和利用“一国两制”制度优势、港澳独特优势和广东改革开放先行先试优势,解放思想、大胆探索,不断深化粤港澳互利合作,进一步建立互利共赢的区域合作关?#25285;?#25512;动区域经济协同发展,为港澳发展注入新动能,为全国?#24179;?#20379;给侧结构性改革、实施创新驱动发展战略、构建开放型经济新体制提供支撑,建设富有活力和国际竞争力的一流湾区和世界级城市?#28023;?#25171;造高质量发展的典范。

    To fully apply Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, coordinate the implementation of the “Five-sphere Integrated Plan” and the “Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy”, fully and faithfully implement the principle of “one country, two systems” under which the people of Hong Kong govern Hong Kong, the people of Macao govern Macao with a high degree of autonomy, act in strict adherence to the Constitution and the Basic Laws, remain committed to the new vision of development, fully understand and utilise the systemic strengths of “one country, two systems”, the unique strengths of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the strengths of early and pilot implementation of reform and opening up in Guangdong, emancipate the mind and explore boldly, continuously deepen mutually beneficial cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, further establish a mutually beneficial relationship in regional cooperation, promote coordinated regional economic development, give new impetus to the development of Hong Kong and Macao, provide support for national supply-side structural reform, the implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy and the building of a new system of an open economy, develop a vibrant and internationally competitive first-class bay area and world-class city cluster, and build a role model of high-quality development.

    第二节 基本原则

    Section 2 Basic Principles

    创新驱动,改革引领。实施创新驱动发展战略,完善区域协同创新体?#25285;?#38598;聚国际创新?#35797;矗?#24314;设具有国际竞争力的创新发展区域。全面深化改革,推动重点领域和关键?#26041;?#25913;革取得新突破,释放改革红利,促进各类要素在大湾区便捷流动和优化配置。

    To be driven by innovation and led by reform. To implement the innovation-driven development strategy, improve the regional synergistic innovation system, pool together international innovation resources, and develop an internationally competitive innovation development area. To comprehensively deepen reform, encourage new breakthroughs in reform in key areas and core fields, reap the dividends of reform, and foster the convenient flow and optimal distribution of various factors within the Greater Bay Area.

    协调发展,统筹兼顾。实施区域协调发展战略,充分发挥各地区比较优势,加强政策协调和规划衔接,优化区域功能布局,推动区域城乡协调发展,不?#26174;?#24378;发展的整体性。

    To coordinate development and plan holistically. To implement the coordinated regional development strategy, fully leverage the comparative advantages of different areas, strengthen policy coordination and planning interface, improve the positioning of different places in the region, promote coordinated development of urban and rural areas in the region, and continuously enhance the holistic nature of development.

    绿色发展,保护生态。大力?#24179;?#29983;态文明建设,树立绿色发展理念,坚持节约?#35797;?#21644;保护环境的基本国策,实行最严格的生态环境保护制度,坚持最严格的耕地保护制度和最严格的节?#21152;?#22320;制度,推动形成绿色?#21534;?#30340;生产生活方式和城市建设运营模式,为?#29992;?#25552;供良好生态环?#24120;?#20419;进大湾区可?#20013;?#21457;展。

    To pursue green development and ecological conservation. To vigorously take forward ecological conservation, establish the approach of green development, uphold state policies on saving resources and protecting the environment, implement the most rigorous ecological protection system, adhere to the most rigorous farmland protection system and the most economical land use system, promote the adoption of green and low-carbon production methods and lifestyles as well as modes of urban development and operation, provide a good ecological environment for residents, and facilitate sustainable development of the Greater Bay Area.

    开放合作,互利共赢。以“一带一路”建设为重点,构建开放型经济新体制,打造高水平开放?#25945;ǎ?#23545;接高标准贸易投资规则,加快培育国际合作和竞争新优势。充分发挥港澳独特优势,创新完善各领域开放合作体制机制,深化内地与港澳互利合作。

    To open up and cooperate and achieve a win-win outcome. To adopt the Belt and Road Initiative as an important focal point, develop a new system for an open economy, create a high-level platform for opening up, converge with high-standard trade and investment rules, and accelerate the development of new edges in international cooperation and competition. To fully leverage the unique advantages of Hong Kong and Macao, create and improve the open cooperation systems and mechanisms in various fields, and deepen mutually beneficial cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao.

    共享发展,改善民生。坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,让改革发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民。提高保障和改善民生水平,加大优质公共产品和服务供给,不断促进社会公平正义,使大湾区?#29992;?#33719;得?#23567;?#24184;福?#23567;?#23433;全感更加充实、更有保障、更可?#20013;?/p>

    To share the benefits of development and improve people’s livelihood. To uphold the philosophy of people-centred development, and enable all people to enjoy more benefits of reform in a more equal manner. To better protect and improve people’s livelihood, increase the supply of quality public goods and services, continuously promote social equality and justice, and afford people living in the Greater Bay Area a fuller, more protected and more sustainable sense of fulfilment, well-being and security.

    “一国两制”,依法办事。把坚持“一国”原则和尊重“两制”差异有机结合起来,坚守“一国”之本,善用“两制”之利。把维护中央的全面管?#31283;?#21644;保障特别行政区的高度自?#31283;?#26377;机结合起来,尊崇法治,严格依照宪法和基本法办事。把国家所需和港澳所长有机结合起来,充分发挥市场化机?#39057;?#20316;用,促进粤港澳优势互补,实现共同发展。

    To adhere to “one country, two systems” and act in accordance with the law. To integrate the adherence to the “one country” principle and the respect for the differences of the “two systems”, stay committed to the basis of “one country”, and leverage the benefits of “two systems”. To integrate the upholding of the Central Government’s overall jurisdiction and the safeguarding of a high degree of autonomy in the special administrative regions, respect the rule of law, and act strictly in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Laws. To integrate the needs of the country with the strengths of Hong Kong and Macao, fully leverage the market-driven mechanism, foster complementarity among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and achieve joint development.

    第三节 战略定位

    Section 3 Strategic Positioning

    充满活力的世界级城市群。依托香港、澳门作为自由开放经济体和广东作为改革开放排?#32321;?#30340;优势,继续深化改革、扩大开放,在构建经济高质量发展的体制机制方面走在全国前?#23567;?#21457;挥示范引领作用,加快制度创新和先行先试,建设现代化经济体?#25285;?#26356;好融入全球市场体?#25285;?#24314;成世界新兴产业、先进制造业和现代服务业基地,建设世界级城市群。

    A vibrant world-class city cluster. To leverage the advantages of Hong Kong and Macao as free and open economies and of Guangdong as the pioneer of reform and opening up, continue deepening reform and further opening up, lead nationally and set an example in developing institutions and mechanisms for high-quality economic development, expedite institutional innovation as well as early and pilot implementation, develop a modern economic system, better integrate into the global market system, build a global base of emerging industries, advanced manufacturing and modern service industries, and develop an internationally competitive world-class city cluster.

    具有全球影响力的国际科技创新中心。瞄?#38469;?#30028;科技和产业发展前沿,加强创新?#25945;?#24314;设,大力发展新?#38469;酢?#26032;产业、新业态、新模式,加快形成以创新为主要动力和支撑的经济体系;扎实?#24179;?#20840;面创新改革试验,充分发挥粤港澳科技研发与产业创新优势,破除影响创新要素自由流动的瓶颈和制约,进一步激发各类创新主体活力,建成全球科技创新高地和新兴产业重要策源地。

    A globally influential international innovation and technology hub. To target the most advanced technologies and industries in the world, strengthen the development of innovation platforms, vigorously develop new technologies, industries, as well as types and models of business, accelerate the process of developing an economic system mainly driven and supported by innovation; to steadfastly take forward the trial of comprehensive innovative reform, fully leverage the strengths of scientific R&D and industrial innovation of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, remove bottlenecks and constraints impeding the free flow of innovation factors, further stimulate various innovation entities, and build the Greater Bay Area into a hub of global technological innovation and an important source of emerging industries.

    “一带一路”建设的重要支撑。更好发挥港澳在国家对外开放中的功能和作用,提高珠三角九市开放型经济发展水平,促进国际国内两个市场、两种?#35797;從行?#23545;接,在更高层次参与国际经济合作和竞争,建设具有重要影响力的国际交通物流枢纽和国际文化交往中心。

    An important support pillar for the Belt and Road Initiative. To better leverage the roles and functions of Hong Kong and Macao in the opening up of China, enhance the development of an open economy in the nine PRD municipalities, facilitate the effective connection between domestic and international markets as well as resources, participate in international economic cooperation and competition at a higher level, and develop an influential international transport and logistics hub as well as an international cultural exchange centre.

    内地与港澳深度合作示范区。依托粤港澳良好合作基础,充分发挥深圳前海、广州南?#22330;?#29664;海横琴等重大合作?#25945;?#20316;用,探索协调协同发展新模式,深化珠三角九市与港澳全面务实合作,促进人员、物?#30465;?#36164;金、信息便捷?#34892;?#27969;动,为粤港澳发展提供新动能,为内地与港澳更紧密合作提供示范。

    A showcase for in-depth cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao. To rely on the good foundation for cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, fully leverage the functions of the key cooperation platforms in Qianhai of Shenzhen, Nansha of Guangzhou and Hengqin of Zhuhai, explore new modes of coordinated and synergistic development, enhance comprehensive and practical cooperation between the nine PRD municipalities and Hong Kong and Macao, facilitate the efficient and orderly flow of people, goods, capital and information, give new impetus to the development of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and set an example of closer cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao.

    宜居宜业宜游的优质生活圈。坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,践行生态文明理念,充分利用现代信息?#38469;酰?#23454;现城市群智能管理,优先发展民生工程,提高大湾区民众生活便利水平,提升?#29992;?#29983;活质量,为港澳?#29992;?#22312;内地学习、就业、创业、生活提供更加便利的条件,加强多元文化交流融合,建设生态安全、环境优美、社会安定、文化繁荣的美丽湾区。

    A quality living circle for living, working and travelling. To firmly adopt the people-centred development philosophy, put into practice ideas on ecological conservation, make full use of modern information technology, achieve the smart management of city clusters, accord priority to livelihood projects, bring more convenience to the lives of people in the Greater Bay Area, raise the quality of living of residents, provide more convenience for Hong Kong and Macao residents studying, working, starting businesses and living on the Mainland, strengthen exchange and integration across different cultures, and build a beautiful bay area that is ecologically safe, environmentally attractive, socially stable and culturally vibrant.

    第四节 发展目标

    Section 4 Development Objectives

    到2022年,粤港澳大湾区综合实力显著增强,粤港澳合作更加深入广?#28023;?#21306;域内生发展动力进一?#25945;?#21319;,发展活力充沛、创新能力突出、产业结构优化、要素流动顺畅、生态环境优美的国际一流湾区和世界级城市群框架基本形成。

    By 2022, the combined strength of the Greater Bay Area should increase substantially, the cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao should be deepened and broadened, the internal driving forces for development should be further enhanced in the region, and the framework for an international first-class bay area and world-class city cluster that is vibrant and highly innovative with an optimised industrial structure, a smooth flow of various factors and a pleasant ecological environment should essentially be formed.

    ——区域发展更?#26377;?#35843;,分工合理、功能互补、错位发展的城市群发展格?#21482;?#26412;确立;

    ─Regional development should become more coordinated, and a city cluster which has a reasonable division of labour, complementary functions and coordinated development should basically be established;

    ——协同创新环境更加优化,创新要素加快集聚,新?#24605;际?#21407;创能力和科技成果转化能力显著提升;

    ─ The environment for coordinated innovative development should be enhanced, the aggregation of factors of innovation should be accelerated, and the innovation capacities regarding new technologies and the commercial application of scientific and technological achievements should be significantly enhanced;

    ——供给侧结构性改革进一步深化,传统产业加快转型升级,新兴产业和制造业核心竞争力不断提升,数字经济迅速增长,金融?#35748;?#20195;服务业加快发展;

    ─Supply-side structural reform should be further deepened, the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries should be accelerated, the core competitiveness of emerging and manufacturing industries should continuously increase, the digital economy should see rapid growth, and the development of modern service industries such as financial service should be expedited;

    ——交通、能?#30784;?#20449;息、水利等基础设施支撑保障能力进一步增强,城市发展及运营能力进一?#25945;?#21319;;

    ─Infrastructural support and protection, such as transport, energy, information and water resources, should be further strengthened, and urban development and management should be further enhanced;

    ——绿色智慧节能?#21534;?#30340;生产生活方式和城市建设运营模式初步确立,?#29992;?#29983;活更加便利、更?#26377;?#31119;;

    ─A green, intelligent, energy-saving and low-carbon way of production and lifestyle, as well as mode of urban development and management, should be established initially, and the lives of residents should become more convenient and happier;

    ——开放型经济新体制加快构建,粤港澳市场互联互通水平进一?#25945;?#21319;,各类?#35797;?#35201;素流动更加便捷高效,文化交流活动更加活跃。

    ─There should be accelerated development of the new system of an open economy, greater connectivity among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao markets, more effective and efficient flow of various resources and factors of production, and more vibrant cultural exchanges.

    到2035年,大湾区形成以创新为主要支撑的经济体系和发展模式,经济实力、科技实力大幅跃升,国际竞争力、影响力进一步增强;大湾区内市场高水平互联互通基本实现,各类?#35797;?#35201;素高效便捷流动;区域发展协调性显著增强,对周边地区的引领带动能力进一?#25945;?#21319;;人民生活更加富裕;社会文明程度达到新高度,文化软实力显著增强,中华文化影响更加广泛深入,多元文化进一步交流融合;?#35797;?#33410;约集约利用水平显著提高,生态环境得到?#34892;?#20445;护,宜居宜业宜游的国际一流湾区全面建成。

    By 2035, the Greater Bay Area should become an economic system and mode of development mainly supported by innovation, with its economic and technological strengths vastly increased and its international competitiveness and influence further strengthened; the markets within the Greater Bay Area should basically be highly connected, with very effective and efficient flow of various resources and factors of production; the coordination of regional development should remarkably improve, with the influence on neighbouring regions further strengthened; the people should become wealthier; the level of social civility should reach new heights, with cultural soft power demonstrably strengthened, Chinese cultural influence broadened and deepened, and exchange and integration between different cultures further enhanced; the levels of conservation and efficient use of resources should be significantly improved, the ecological environment should be effectively protected, and an international first-class bay area for living, working and travelling should be fully developed.

    第三章 空间布局

    Chapter Three Spatial Layout

    坚持极点带动、轴带支撑、辐射周边,推动大中小城市合理分工、功能互补,进一?#25945;?#39640;区域发展协调性,促进城乡融合发展,构建结构科学、集约高效的大湾区发展格局。

    To maintain an approach that is driven by poles, supported by axes and radiating to nearby areas, promote a rational division of labour and complementary positioning among large, medium-sized and small cities, further enhance coordination in regional development, facilitate the integrated development of urban and rural areas, and build a scientifically structured, compact and highly efficient bay area development framework.

    第一节 构建极点带动、轴带支撑网络化空间格局

    Section 1 Building a Spatial Network Driven by Poles and Supported by Axes

    极点带动。发挥香港-深圳、广州-佛山、澳门-珠海强强联合的引领带动作用,深化港深、澳珠合作,加快广佛同城化建设,提升整体实力和全球影响力,引领粤港澳大湾区深度参与国际合作。

    Driven by poles. To leverage the leading roles of the strong combinations of Hong Kong-Shenzhen, Guangzhou-Foshan and Macao-Zhuhai, deepen cooperation between Hong Kong and Shenzhen, as well as Macao and Zhuhai, expedite the integrated development of Guangzhou and Foshan, enhance their overall strength and global influence, and lead the Greater Bay Area in participating in international cooperation in great intensity.

    轴带支撑。依托以高速铁路、城际铁路和高等级公路为主体?#30446;?#36895;交通网络与港口群和机场?#28023;?#26500;建区域经济发展轴带,形成主要城市间高效连接的网络化空间格局。更好发挥港珠澳大桥作用,加快建设深(圳)中(山)通道、深(圳)茂(名)铁路等重要交通设施,提高珠江西岸地区发展水平,促进东西两岸协同发展。

    Supported by axes. To rely on a rapid transport network involving mainly high-speed rails, intercity railways and high-grade motorways, as well as port and airport clusters, build regional economic development axes, and form an efficiently connected spatial network of major cities. To better utilise the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, speed up the construction of key transport infrastructures such as the Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge and the Shenzhen-Maoming Railway, enhance the level of development on the west bank of the Pearl River, and foster development synergy between the east and west banks of the Pearl River.

    第二节 完善城市群和城镇发展体系

    Section 2 Improving the Development System of the City Cluster and Towns

    优化提升中心城?#23567;?#20197;香港、澳门、广州、深圳四大中心城市作为区域发展的核心引擎,继续发挥比较优势做优做强,增强对周边区域发展的辐射带动作用。

    To improve the core cities. To build on the four core cities of Hong Kong, Macao, Guangzhou and Shenzhen as core engines for regional development, continue leveraging their comparative advantages in striving for excellence and achievements, and strengthen the radiating effect in leading the development of nearby regions.

    ——香港。巩固和提升国际金融、航运、贸易中心和国际航空枢纽地位,强化全球离岸人民币业务枢纽地位、国际资产管理中心及风?#23637;?#29702;中心功能,推动金融、?#22530;场?#29289;流、专业服务?#35748;?#39640;端高增值方向发展,大力发展创新及科?#38469;?#19994;,培育新兴产业,建设亚太区国际法律及争议解决服务中心,打造更具竞争力的国际大都会。

    –Hong Kong. To consolidate and enhance Hong Kong’s status as international financial, transportation and trade centres as well as an international aviation hub, strengthen its status as a global offshore Renminbi (RMB) business hub and its role as an international asset management centre and a risk management centre, promote the development of high-end and high value-added financial, commercial and trading, logistics and professional services, etc., make great efforts to develop the innovation and technology industries, nurture emerging industries, establish itself as the centre for international legal and dispute resolution services in the Asia-Pacific region, and develop into an international metropolis with enhanced competitiveness.

    ——澳门。建设世界旅游休闲中心、中国与葡语国家?#22530;?#21512;作服务?#25945;ǎ?#20419;进经济适度多元发展,打造以中华文化为主流、多元文化共存的交流合作基地。

    –Macao. To develop into a world-class tourism and leisure centre and a commerce and trade cooperation service platform between China and Lusophone countries, promote an appropriate level of diversified economic development, and develop into a base for exchange and cooperation where Chinese culture is the mainstream and diverse cultures coexist.

    ——广州。充分发挥国家中心城市和综合性门户城市引领作用,全面增强国际?#22530;?#20013;心、综合交通枢纽功能,培育提升科技教育文化中心功能,着力建设国际大?#38469;小?/p>

    –Guangzhou. To fully leverage its leading function as a national core city and an integrated gateway city, comprehensively strengthen its functions as an international commerce and industry centre and integrated transport hub, enhance its function as technological, educational and cultural centres, and develop into a global metropolis.

    ——深圳。发挥作为经济特区、全国性经济中心城市和国家创新型城?#26800;?#24341;领作用,加快建?#19978;?#20195;化国际化城?#26657;?#21162;力成为具有世界影响力的创新创意之都。

    –Shenzhen. To leverage its leading role as a special economic zone, a national economic core city and a national innovation city, expedite its transformation into a modern and international city, and strive to become a capital of innovation and creativity with global influence.

    建设重要节点城?#23567;?#25903;持珠海、佛山、惠州、东莞、中山、江门、肇庆等城市充分发?#24188;?#36523;优势,深化改革创新,增强城市综合实力,形?#21830;?#33394;鲜明、功能互补、具有竞争力的重要节点城?#23567;?#22686;强发展的协调性,强化与中心城?#26800;?#20114;动合作,带动周边特色城镇发展,共同提升城市群发展质量。

    To develop the key node cities. To support Zhuhai, Foshan, Huizhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing in fully leveraging their strengths, deepen reform and innovation, enhance the composite strengths of the cities, and form key node cities with distinct characteristics, complementary positioning and strong competitiveness. To enhance coordination in development, strengthen interaction and cooperation with core cities, drive the development of towns nearby with distinct characteristics, and jointly raise the development quality of the city cluster.

    发展特色城镇。充分发挥珠三角九市特色城镇数量多、体量大的优势,培育一批具有特色优?#39057;?#39749;力城镇,完善市政基础设施和公共服务设施,发展特色产业,传?#20889;?#32479;文化,形成优化区域发展格局的重要支撑。建设智慧小镇,开展智能?#38469;?#24212;用试验,推动体制机制创新,探索未来城市发展模式。加快?#24179;?#29305;大镇行政管理体制改革,在降低行政成本和提升行政效?#23454;?#22522;础上不断拓展特大镇功能。

    To develop towns with distinct characteristics. To fully leverage the advantage of the nine PRD municipalities in having numerous large and sizeable towns with distinct characteristics, nurture towns with charm and distinct characteristics, improve municipal infrastructure and public services and facilities, develop specialty industries, pass on traditional culture, and form a strong support for enhancing the regional development layout. To develop smart towns, commence experiments in the application of smart technology, promote innovation in institutions and mechanisms, and explore the model of developing future cities. To accelerate administrative system reform in large towns, and continuously expand the functions of extra-large towns on the basis of reducing administrative costs and increasing administrative efficiency.

    促进城乡融合发展。建立健全城乡融合发展体制机制和政策体?#25285;?#25512;动珠三角九市城乡一体化发展,全面提高城镇化发展质量?#36864;?#24179;,建设具有岭南特色的宜居城乡。加强分类指导,合理划定功能分区,优化空间布局,促进城乡集约发展。提高城乡基础设施一体化水平,因地制宜?#24179;?#22478;市更新,改造城中村、合并小型村,加强配套设施建设,改善城乡人居环?#22330;?/p>

    To promote integrated development of urban and rural areas. To establish a holistic system and policy framework for integrated development of urban and rural areas, promote integrated urban-rural development in the nine PRD municipalities, raise the quality and level of urbanisation, and develop liveable urban-rural areas with Lingnan characteristics. To strengthen guidance on classification, rationally delineate areas with different functions, improve spatial layout, and foster compact urban-rural development. To enhance the level of integration regarding infrastructural development in urban-rural areas, promote urban renewal based on local conditions, redevelop villages in cities and combine small villages, step up the development of ancillary facilities, and improve living conditions for urban and rural residents.

    第三节 辐射带动泛珠三角区域发展

    Section 3 Radiating the Development to the Pan-Pearl River Delta Region

    发挥粤港澳大湾区辐射引领作用,统筹珠三角九市与粤东西北地区生产力布局,带动周边地区加快发展。构建以粤港澳大湾区为龙头,以珠江-西江经济带为腹地,带动中南、西南地区发展,辐射东南亚、南亚的重要经济支撑带。完善大湾区?#32451;?#29664;三角区域其他省区的交通网络,深化区域合作,?#34892;?#21457;展“飞地经济”,促进泛珠三角区域要素流动和产业转移,形?#21830;?#24230;发展、分工合理、优势互补的产业协作体系。依托沿海铁路、高等级公路和重要港口,实现粤港澳大湾区与海?#35838;?#23736;城市群和北部湾城市群联动发展。依托高速铁路、?#19978;?#38081;路和高速公路等交通通道,深化大湾区与中南地区和长江中游地区的合作交流,加强大湾区对西南地区的辐射带动作用。

    To leverage the radiating and leading function of the Greater Bay Area, coordinate the productivity layout of the nine PRD municipalities and eastern, western and northern Guangdong, and foster development in nearby areas at a faster pace. To develop a key economic support zone with the Greater Bay Area as its vanguard and the Pearl River-Xijiang economic zone as its hinterland, propel development in South Central China and Southwest China as well as Southeast and Southern Asia. To improve the transport network from the Greater Bay Area to other provinces and regions in the Pan-PRD region, enhance regional cooperation, progressively develop “enclave economies”, facilitate the flow of factors of production and relocation of industries in the Pan-PRD region, and establish a stratified and complementary industrial cooperation system with a reasonable division of labour. To rely on coastal railways, high-grade motorways and major ports, and achieve synergistic development between the Greater Bay Area and the Western Taiwan Strait as well as the Beibu Bay city clusters. To rely on transport routes such as high-speed rails, mainline railways and motorways, deepen cooperation and exchange between the Greater Bay Area and the South Central Region and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and strengthen the radiating and driving effect of the Greater Bay Area on the Southwest Region.

    第四章 建设国际科技创新中心

    Chapter Four Developing an International Innovation and Technology Hub

    深入实施创新驱动发展战略,深化粤港澳创新合作,构建开放型融合发展的区域协同创新共同体,集聚国际创新?#35797;矗?#20248;化创新制度和政策环?#24120;?#30528;力提升科技成果转化能力,建设全球科技创新高地和新兴产业重要策源地。

    To implement the innovation-driven development strategy in great intensity, deepen innovation cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, build an open community for coordinated innovation in the region that encompasses integrated development, pool together international innovation resources, enhance the innovation system and policy environment, focus on enhancing the capability for the commercial application of technological achievements, and develop a focused area of global technological innovation and a major source of emerging industries.

    第一节 构建开放型区域协同创新共同体

    Section 1 Building an Open Community for Coordinated Innovation in the Region

    加强科技创新合作。更好发挥内地与香港、澳门科技合作委员会的作用,推动香港、澳门融入国家创新体系、发挥更重要作用。充分发挥粤港澳科技和产业优势,积极吸引和对接全球创新?#35797;矗?#24314;设开放互通、布局合理的区域创新体系。?#24179;?ldquo;广州-深圳-香港-澳门”科技创新走廊建设,探索有利于人才、资本、信息、?#38469;?#31561;创新要素跨境流动和区域融通的政策举措,共建粤港澳大湾区大数据中心和国际化创新?#25945;ā?#21152;快国家自主创新示范区与国家双?#35789;?#33539;基地、众创空间建设,支?#21046;?#19982;香港、澳门建立创新创业交流机制,共享创新创业?#35797;矗?#20849;同完善创新创业生态,为港澳青年创新创业提供更多机遇和更好条件。鼓励粤港澳企业和科研机?#20849;?#19982;国际科技创新合作,共同举办科技创新活动,支?#21046;?#19994;到海外设立研发机构和创新孵化基地,鼓励境内外投资者在粤港澳设立研发机构和创新?#25945;ā?#25903;持依托深圳国?#19968;?#22240;库发起设立“一带一路”生命科技促进联盟。鼓励其他地区的高校、科研机构和企业参与大湾区科技创新活动。

    To strengthen cooperation in innovation and technology. To better leverage the functions of the Mainland/Hong Kong and Mainland/Macao Science and Technology Co-operation Committees, and promote the integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the national innovation system thereby enabling them to play more important roles. To fully leverage the technological and industrial strengths of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, actively attract and connect global innovation resources, and develop an open and interconnected system with reasonable layout for regional innovation. To pursue the development of the “Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Macao” innovation and technology corridor, explore policy measures to facilitate the cross-boundary and regional flow of innovation elements such as talents, capital, information and technologies, and jointly develop a Greater Bay Area big data centre as well as platforms for international innovation. To expedite the development of national innovation demonstration zones, demonstration bases for entrepreneurship and innovation as well as co-working space, support the establishment of mechanisms for their innovation and entrepreneurship exchanges with Hong Kong and Macao, share innovation and entrepreneurship resources, jointly improve the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem, and provide more opportunities and better conditions for young people from Hong Kong and Macao to innovate and set up businesses. To encourage Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao enterprises and scientific research institutes to participate in international innovation and technology cooperation, jointly organise events on innovation and technology, support enterprises in setting up R&D institutes and bases for innovation incubation overseas, and encourage domestic and foreign investors to set up R&D institutes and innovation platforms in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao. To support the establishment of the Belt and Road Life Science and Technology Advancement Alliance by relying on the China National GeneBank in Shenzhen. To encourage higher education institutions, R&D institutes and enterprises from other regions to participate in events on innovation and technology in the Greater Bay Area.

    加强创新基础能力建设。支持重大科技基础设施、重要科研机构和重大创新?#25945;?#22312;大湾区布局建设。向港澳?#34892;?#24320;放国?#20197;?#24191;东建设布局的重大科研基础设施和大型科研仪器。支持粤港澳有关机构积极参与国家科技计划(专项、基金等)。加强应用基础研究,拓展实施国家重大科技项目。支持将粤港澳深化创新体制机制改革的相关举措纳入全面创新改革试验。

    To enhance building of basic innovation capacity. To support the development of major technological infrastructure facilities, R&D institutes as well as innovation platforms in the Greater Bay Area. To progressively open up to Hong Kong and Macao the major national R&D infrastructure facilities and large-scale national R&D equipment located in Guangdong. To support relevant institutes in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao to proactively participate in national technological programmes (special projects, funding, etc.). To strengthen applied basic research, and broaden the implementation of major national technological projects. To support the incorporation of measures of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in relation to deepening the reform of innovation systems and mechanisms into the pilot scheme of comprehensive innovation reform.

    加强产学研深度融合。建立以企业为主体、市场为导向、产学研深度融合的?#38469;?#21019;新体?#25285;?#25903;持粤港澳企业、高校、科研院所共建高水平的协同创新?#25945;ǎ?#25512;动科技成果转化。实施粤港澳科技创新合作发展计划和粤港联合创新?#25163;?#35745;划,支持设立粤港澳产学研创新联盟。

    To enhance the in-depth integration of industries, academia and research. To develop a system of technological innovation built up primarily by enterprises, led by market forces and with an in-depth integration of industries, academia and research, support Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao enterprises, higher education institutions and R&D institutes in jointly developing quality collaborative platforms for coordinated innovation, and promote the commercial application of technological achievements. To implement the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao collaboration programme in innovation and technology and the Guangdong-Hong Kong Technology Cooperation Funding Scheme, and support the establishment of an innovation alliance of industries, academia and research in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao.

    第二节 打造高水平科技创新载体和?#25945;?/p>

    Section 2 Developing Quality Innovation and Technology Carriers and Platforms

    加快?#24179;?#22823;湾区重大科技基础设施、交叉研?#31185;教?#21644;前沿学科建设,着力提升基础研究水平。优化创新?#35797;?#37197;置,建设培育一批产业?#38469;?#21019;新?#25945;ā?#21046;造业创新中心和企业?#38469;?#20013;心。?#24179;?#22269;家自主创新示范区建设,?#34892;?#24320;展国家高新区扩容,将高新区建设成为区域创新的重要节点和产业高端化发展的重要基地。推动珠三角九市军民融合创新发展,支持创建军民融合创新示范区。支持港深创新及科技园、中新广州知识城、南沙庆盛科技创新产业基地、横琴粤澳合作中医药科技产业园等重大创新载体建设。支持香港物流及供应链管理应用?#38469;酢?#32442;织及成衣、资讯及通信?#38469;酢?#27773;车零部件、纳?#20934;?#20808;进材?#31995;任?#22823;研发中心以及香港科学园、香港数码港建设。支持澳门中医药科技产业发展?#25945;?#24314;设。?#24179;?#39321;港、澳门国家重点实验?#19968;?#20276;实验?#21307;?#35774;。

    To accelerate the development of major technological infrastructure facilities, platforms of cross-study as well as emerging frontier researches in the Greater Bay Area, and focus on raising the standards of basic research. To optimise the allocation of resources for innovation, and develop and nurture a batch of platforms for technological innovation for industries, manufacturing innovation centres and enterprise technological centres. To take forward the development of national innovation demonstration zones, progressively commence the expansion of national high-tech industrial development zones, and develop high-tech industrial development zones into regional nodes of innovation and key bases for the high-end development of industries. To take forward military-civilian integration in innovation development in the nine PRD municipalities, and support the establishment of a demonstration zone of military-civilian integration in innovation development. To support the development of major carriers for innovation such as the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Innovation and Technology Park and the Sino-Singapore Guangzhou Knowledge City, the innovation and technology base in Qingsheng of Nansha, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Science and Technology Industrial Park of Cooperation between Guangdong and Macao in Hengqin. To support the development of the five Hong Kong R&D Centres respectively for Logistics and Supply Chain MultiTech, Textiles and Apparel, Information and Communications Technologies, Automotive Parts and Accessory Systems, and Nano and Advanced Materials, as well as the development of the Hong Kong Science Park and the Hong Kong Cyberport. To support the setting up of a platform for developing the traditional Chinese medicine science and technology industries in Macao. To take forward the development of Partner State Key Laboratories in Hong Kong and Macao.

    第三节 优化区域创新环境

    Section 3 Enhancing the Environment for Innovation in the Region

    深化区域创新体制机制改革。研究实施促进粤港澳大湾区出入?#22330;?#24037;作、?#24188; ?#29289;流等更加便利化的政策措施,鼓励科技和学术人才交往交流。?#24066;?#39321;港、澳门符合条件的高校、科研机构申请内地科技项目,并按规定在内地及港澳使用相关资金。支持粤港澳设立联合创新专项资金,就重大科研项目开展合作,?#24066;?#30456;关资金在大湾区跨境使用。研究制定专门办法,对科研合作项目需要的医疗数据和血液等生物样?#25151;?#22659;在大湾区内限定的高校、科研机构和实验室使用进行优化管理,促进临床医学研究发展。香港、澳门在广东设立的研发机构按照与内地研发机构同等待遇原则,享受国家和广东省各项支持创新的政策,鼓励和支?#21046;?#21442;与广东科技计划。开展知识产权证券化试点。

    To deepen reform of innovation systems and mechanisms in the region. To study policies and measures to implement facilitation relating to immigration and customs clearance, working, living as well as the flow of goods within the Greater Bay Area, and encourage interaction and exchanges between technological and academic talents. To allow eligible higher education institutions and R&D institutes in Hong Kong and Macao to apply for Mainland technology projects, and use relevant funding on the Mainland as well as in Hong Kong and Macao according to the regulations. To support the setting up of special funding schemes for joint innovation projects by Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, commence cooperation in major R&D projects, and allow the cross-boundary use of related funds in the Greater Bay Area. To study and formulate a specialised plan to enhance the management of the cross-boundary use of medical data and bio-samples such as blood necessary for R&D cooperation projects in designated higher education institutions, R&D institutes and laboratories in the Greater Bay Area, and foster the research and development of clinical medicine. To enable Hong Kong and Macao R&D institutes in Guangdong to enjoy the same treatment as other Mainland R&D institutes, enjoy various national and provincial (Guangdong) policies in support of innovation, and encourage as well as support them to participate in Guangdong technology programmes. To initiate pilot projects for the securitisation of intellectual property (IP).

    促进科技成果转化。创新机制、完善环?#24120;?#23558;粤港澳大湾区建设成为具有国际竞争力的科技成果转化基地。支持粤港澳在创业孵化、科技金融、成果转化、国际?#38469;?#36716;让、科技服务业等领域开展深度合作,共建国家级科技成果孵化基地和粤港澳青年创业就业基地等成果转化?#25945;ā?#22312;珠三角九市建设一批面向港澳的科?#35745;?#19994;孵化器,为港澳高校、科研机构的先进?#38469;?#25104;果转移转化提供便利条件。支持珠三角九市建设国家科技成果转移转化示范区。充分发挥香港、澳门、深圳、广州等资本市场和金融服务功能,合作构建多元化、国际化、跨区域的科技创新投融资体系。大力拓展直接融?#26159;?#36947;,依托区域性股权交易市场,建设科技创新金融支?#21046;教ā?#25903;持香港私募基金参与大湾区创新型科?#35745;?#19994;融资,?#24066;?#31526;合条件的创新型科?#35745;?#19994;进入香港上市集?#21183;教ǎ?#23558;香港发展成为大湾区高新?#38469;?#20135;业融资中心。

    To promote the commercial application of technological achievements.To innovate the system as well as improve the environment, and develop the Greater Bay Area into a base for the commercial application of technological achievements with international competitiveness. To support Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in establishing in-depth collaboration in areas such as entrepreneurship and incubation, financial technologies,commercial application of technological achievements, international technology transfer and the technology services industry, and jointly develop platforms for the commercial application of achievements such as national level bases for the incubation of technological achievements and bases for start-up businesses and employment for young people from Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao.To develop a number of Hong Kong and Macao-oriented incubators of technology enterprises in the nine PRD municipalities, and provide convenience to higher education institutions and R&D institutes in Hong Kong and Macao to transfer and apply their advanced technological achievements. To support the setting up of a national demonstration zone for the transfer and commercial application of technological achievements in the nine PRD municipalities. To fully leverage the roles of capital markets and financial services of Hong Kong, Macao, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, etc., and join hands in developing a diversified, international and cross-regional system for innovation and technology investment and financing.To make great efforts in broadening channels of direct financing, rely on the regional equity trading market, and develop a supporting platform for technology, innovation and financial services. To support the engagement of Hong Kong’s private equity funds in the financing of innovation and technology enterprises in the Greater Bay Area, allow eligible innovation and technology enterprises to secure listing in Hong Kong for capital financing, and develop Hong Kong into a financing centre for high-tech industries in the Greater Bay Area.

    强化知识产权保护和运用。依托粤港、粤澳及泛珠三角区域知识产权合作机制,全面加强粤港澳大湾区在知识产权保护、专业人才培养等领域的合作。强化知识产权行政执法?#36864;?#27861;保护,更好发挥广州知识产权法院等机构作用,加强电子商务、进出口等重点领域和?#26041;?#30340;知识产权执法。加强在知识产权创造、运用、保护和贸易方面的国际合作,建立完善知识产权案件跨境协作机制。依托现有交易场所,开展知识产权交易,促进知识产权的合理?#34892;?#27969;通。开展知识产权保护规范化市场培育和“正版正货”?#20449;?#27963;动。发挥知识产权服务业集聚发展区的辐射作用,促进高端知识产权服务与区域产业融


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