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    两会前瞻:这十个经济热词值得关注

    所属教程:新词热词

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    xijijun

    2019年03月10日

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    2018年全年国内生产总值900309亿元,按可比价格计算,比上年增长6.6%,实现了6.5%左右的预期发展目标。2019年是新中国成立70周年,是决胜全面建成小康社会第一个百年奋斗目标的关键之年。

    今年全国两会期间,以下这些经济领域热词或将成为代表委员们热议的话题。
    两会前瞻:这十个经济热词值得关注

    GDP growth 国内生产总值增长

    As an overall indicator of economic expansion, China's GDP growth target has been set unchanged at around 6.5 percent for two consecutive years from 2017 to 2018. On the provincial level, the majority of China's local governments have lowered the number this year, while over ten provincial regions set the target within a range.

    作为经济增长的总体指标,中国的国内生产总值增长目标从2017年到2018年已经连续两年保持在6.5%。在省一级的层面,大部分省份都降低了今年的增长预期,有10多个省将增长目标设定在一个区间内。

    【相关词汇】

    经济状况 economic situation

    GDP核算 GDP calculation

    核心指标 core indicator

    高质量发展 high-quality development

    工业产出 industrial output

    增长质量 growth quality

    Fiscal deficit 财政赤字

    China lowered its 2018 fiscal deficit target, one major part of fiscal policy, to 2.6 percent of its GDP, down from the 3-percent level in 2016 and 2017. The government has vowed to maintain a proactive fiscal policy and further expand issuance of special-purpose local government bonds.

    财政赤字是财政政策的重要组成部分,2018年我国的财政赤字目标由2016和2017年占GDP3%下调为2.6%。中央政府已经宣布要保?#21482;?#26497;的财政政策,进一步增发地方政府专项债券。

    【相关词汇】

    税?#21344;?#21169; tax incentive

    减税降费 cut taxes and administrative fees

    房产税 property tax

    免税 tax exemption

    Tax reduction 减税

    China has been committed to cutting taxes and fees for enterprises and employees in recent years in a bid to boost investment and consumption. Total taxes and fee cuts reached about 1.3 trillion yuan last year.

    近几年,我国一直致力于对企业和个人减税降费,以促进投资和消?#36873;?#21435;年减税降费总额达1.3万亿元。

    【相关词汇】

    增值税 value-added tax

    企业所得税 enterprise income tax

    免税 tax exemption

    减税 tax reduction, tax cut

    收入分配 distribution of income

    避税地 tax haven

    Monetary stance 货币政策

    The annual Central Economic Work Conference said China will keep the prudent monetary policy "neither too tight nor too loose" this year while maintaining market liquidity at a reasonably ample level.

    中央经济工作会议表示,今年我国将继续保持审慎的货币政策,要松紧适度,保持流动性合理充裕。

    【相关词汇】

    定向降准 targeted RRR cut

    注入流动性 inject liquidity

    货币政策工具 monetary policy tools

    公开市场操作 open market operation, OMO

    逆回购 reverse repurchase agreement, reverse repo

    Job creation 创造就业

    Employment comes first in the six fields the country aims to stabilize in 2019. China first set the goal of surveyed urban unemployment rate in government work report in 2018. Over 13 million urban jobs were created last year, beating the official target of 11 million.

    稳就业是我国2019年做好“六稳”工作的首要任务。2018年政府工作报告中首次设定了城镇调查失业?#23454;?#30446;标。去年共创造城镇就业岗位1300万个,超出了官方设定的1100万目标。

    【相关词汇】

    大众创业、万众创新 mass entrepreneurship and innovation

    就业创业 employment and entrepreneurship

    慢就业 delayed employment

    自由职业者 freelancer

    自主创业 self-employment

    就业压力 employment pressure

    Poverty alleviation 扶贫

    As one of the country's "three tough battles," reducing poverty is expected to accelerate this year to achieve the goal of lifting all its rural residents living below current poverty line out of poverty and eliminate poverty in all poor counties and regions by 2020. China still had 16.6 million poor people by the end of 2018.

    作为“三大攻坚战”之一,今年的扶贫步伐或将加快,以实?#20540;?020年确保现行标准下农村贫困人口实现脱贫、贫困县全部摘帽的目标。截止2018年底,我国还有1660万贫困人口。

    【相关词汇】

    精准扶贫 targeted poverty alleviation

    强制式扶贫 compulsory poverty relief

    脱贫 get out of poverty/get rid of poverty/be lifted out of poverty

    贫困线 poverty threshold/poverty line/poverty limit

    易地扶贫搬迁 relocating the poor

    扶贫基金 poverty alleviation funds

    开发式扶贫 development-orientated poverty reduction
    两会前瞻:这十个经济热词值得关注

    Trade growth 贸易增长

    China's foreign trade grew at a pace of 9.7 percent year on year in 2018. Greater efforts will be made to increase imports and exports, push for a more diversified export market, and cut institutional costs of importing procedures, according to the Central Economic Work Conference.

    2018年,我国的外贸同比增长9.7%。中央经济工作会议指出,要扩大进出口贸易,推动出口市场多元化,削减进口?#26041;?#21046;度性成本。

    【相关词汇】

    区域合作 regional cooperation

    经济增长 economic growth

    区域一体化 regional integration

    营商环境 business environment

    自由贸易港 free trade port

    Property market ?#24247;?#20135;市场

    This is one of the most popular "two sessions" topics based on a recent online survey. A string of management policies has helped stabilize housing prices, official data showed. The government has called for a long-term mechanism to maintain the sound development of the real estate market and adhering to the principle that "housing is for living in, not speculation."

    最近的在线调查显示,?#24247;?#20135;市场是最受关注的两会话题之一。官方数据显示,一系列管理政策的实施已经使房价趋于平稳。政府呼吁出台能?#35805;?#21161;?#24247;?#20135;市场健康发展的长效机制,坚持“房子是?#32654;?#20303;的,不是?#32654;?#28818;的”。

    【相关词汇】

    首付 down payment

    按揭贷款 mortgage

    房产估值 assessed value

    预售条款 due-on-sale provision

    固定利率贷款 fixed-rate mortgage

    ?#35838;?#38480;购 purchase limits for real estate

    Science and technology innovation board 科创板

    The sci-tech board, as well as experiment of registration-based IPOs, are expected to be a highlight of China's capital market reforms this year. Preparation has been in high gear since its proposal last November. It is expected to be rolled out as early as the first half of this year.

    科创板和股票发行注册制将是今年我国资本市场改革的重点。自去年11月提出以来,各项准备工作已经在迅速推进。最早有望在今年上半年推出。

    【相关词汇】

    沪港通 Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect

    跨境资金流动 cross-border capital flow

    绩优股 blue chip

    成长股 growth stock

    交易所交易基金 Exchange Traded Fund, ETF

    期货 futures

    退市 delisting

    上市公司 listed companies

    外资 foreign capital

    Foreign investment 外商投资

    A draft of China's foreign investment law will be submitted to the upcoming annual session of the top legislature, National People's Congress. Once adopted, it will help China attract more foreign investment and better protect foreign investors' legitimate rights and interests.

    今年全国人大会议期间,《外商投资法(草案)?#26041;?#25552;交人大审议。如果通过,该法将会吸引更多外国投资,更好地保护外国投资者的合法权益。

    【相关词汇】

    投资环境 investment environment

    贸易便利化 trade facilitation

    贸易自由化 trade liberalization

    浮动汇率体系 floating exchange rate system


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